对战牛牛

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                      多种路由器被爆存漏洞 使用无线网络别掉以轻心

                      来源:人民日报   2014/4/15 9:01:01
                      摘要:多种路由器被爆存漏洞 使用无线网络别掉以轻心

                        宋 嵩绘

                        眼下,路由器俨然已成为智能家居市场的新宠,新品不断。其中,安全性能成为它们的主打牌之一。

                        的确,这年头,无线路由器的应用越来越广泛。在餐厅,无线网络成了招徕顾客的“标配”,顾客进门问的第一句话,往往从要菜单变成了“无线密码是多少”;在家中,无线路由器也不再仅仅扮演“上网”的角色,远程遥控电视、空调等家用电器,数据存储……越来越多的功能开始汇集。

                        然而,无线路由器应用愈加广泛、与我们的生活联系愈加密切的同时,安全问题也日渐凸显出来:网银被盗、隐私暴露、数据丢失等等。在享受无线网络的同时,对于安全可别掉以轻心。

                        ——编 者

                        网上有教程,详细地介绍破解路由器密码的过程

                        JIALIDEWUXIANLUYOUQIJIFENZHONGJIUNENGPOJIE?POJIEHOU,WEIBO、YOUXIANG、LIAOTIANRUANJIANSHENZHISHIWANGYINDEZHANGHAO、MIMADOUNENGBEIDUIFANGQIEQU?ZUIJIN,GUANYURUHEPOJIEWUXIANLUYOUQIMIMADEJIGETIEZIHENHUO。ZAIYIGE《GONGXIAGEBILUYOUQIZHIHOU,WODOUZUOLESHENME》DETIEZIZHONG,XIANGJINMIAOSHULEGONGPOGEBIWUXIANLUYOUQIDEGUOCHENG,BINGZAIPOJIEHOUCHENGGONGHUODELELUYOUQIZHURENWEIBO、WEIXINDEZHANGHAOHEMIMA。

                        BUJIUQIAN,GUOJIAHULIANWANGYINGJIZHONGXINFABUDEBAOGAOZHICHU,DUOJIACHANGSHANGLUYOUQICUNZAIHOUMENLOUDONG,HEIKEKELIYONGLOUDONG,ZHIJIEKONGZHILUYOUQI,QIEQUYONGHUXINXI。HENDUOWANGYOUZHIYI,WUXIANLUYOUQIZHENDEZHEIMECUIRUO,YIGONGJIUPO?

                      对战牛牛   “POJIEWUXIANLUYOUQIMIMAZAOYIBUSHIXINXIANSHI”,MOUWANGLUOANQUANGONGSIJISHURENYUANZHANGYUANGAOSUJIZHE,“ZHIYAOYANJIUYIXIAWANGSHANGDEXIANGGUANPOJIEJIAOCHENG,HENKUAIJIUNENGXUEHUI。”

                        POJIEGUOCHENGKANSHANGQUBINGBUFUZA。ZAIZHANGYUANDEZHIDAOXIA,JIZHEYECHANGSHILEYICI。SHOUXIANXUYAOXIAZAIHAOJIGERUANJIAN,CHENGGONGANZHUANGZHEIXIERUANJIANBINGSOUSUODAOFUJINDEWUXIANWANGLUOXINHAOHOU,YIJIZHEBENRENDEWUXIANLUYOUQIWEIMUBIAOKAISHIJINXINGPOJIE。

                        通过“抓包”(抓取用户连接路由器时的数据包,含有登录密码等信息)、运行破解软件、载入密码字典对战牛牛等步骤,破解进行到了最后一步:等待。经过四五个小时,系统提示破解成功。张远说,能否破解和破解时间的长短取决于密码的复杂程度、字典的大小、信号强度等,“也并不是每个都能破解成功”。

                        “RUGUOPOJIERENZHISHIXIANGCENGCENGWANGHAIZHISHIXIAOSHI。”ZHANGYUANSHUO,“GENGKEPADESHITONGGUOLUYOUQI,KEYISHIXIANYUMINGXITONG(DNS)JIECHIHEYUANCHENGKONGZHIDENG,ZHEICAISHIZHENZHENGDEWEIXIAN,BUGUOZHEIBIPOJIEMIMAFUZAHENDUO。”

                        攻陷路由器,可以远程监控所有连接设备的上网数据

                        CHULEZHIJIEPOJIEMIMA,HEIKEHAIKENENGLIYONGLUYOUQIZISHENDEHOUMENLOUDONG“ZUAN”ANQUANDEKONGZI。

                      对战牛牛   JUGUOJIAHULIANWANGYINGJIZHONGXINYUNXINGBUZHURENWANGMINGHUAJIESHAO,LUYOUQICHUXIANANQUANYINHUANMUQIANZHUYAOYOU3ZHONGQINGKUANG。DIYIZHONGSHISHENGCHANCHANGSHANGWEILEDIAOSHICHENGXUDENGJISHUXUYAO,LIUYOUHOUMENJIERUKOU,YIBANXUYAOTEDINGDEYONGHUMINGHEMIMACAINENGDENGLU,ZHEIGERUKOUZAICHUCHANGSHIYINGGAIGUANDIAO,DANBUSHAOCHANGJIABINGMEIYOUZHEIYANGZUO。YIDANDENGLUXINXIGUOYUJIANDANHUOZHECHUXIANXIELU,HEIKEJIUKENENGCHENJIERRU。DIERZHONGQINGKUANG,SHISHAOSHUCHANGSHANGXUYILIUYOUHOUMENCHENGXU。DISANZHONGYESHIZUICHANGJIANDEQINGKUANG,SHIYONGHUBUZHIDAOHUOMEIYOUGENGGAIMORENDELUYOUQIGUANLIJIEMIANSHANGDEDENGLUXINXI,HEIKEZAIDUOCICHANGSHIHOUYEKENENGKONGZHILUYOUQI。

                        国家互联网应急中心报告显示,2013年涉及通信网络设备的软硬件漏洞数量为505个,较2012年增长1.5倍,其中值得关注的是,本次监测发现了多款路由器设备存在预置后门的情况。王明华认为,从路由器的技术开发和监测看,后门程序在研发时有一定必要,但没有必要为了升级固件和维护保留后门程序,上市后应该关掉。

                      对战牛牛   “HEIKERUQINLUYOUQI,JIUDENGYUKONGZHILESHANGWANGDERUKOU。”WANGMINGHUASHUO,TONGGUODUILUYOUQIJINXINGYUANCHENGKONGZHI,HEIKEKEYIJIANKONGLIANJIEZHEIGELUYOUQIDESUOYOUSHEBEIDESHANGWANGSHUJU,RUDIANNAO、SHOUJIDENG,YONGHUDELIULANJILU、ZHANGHAOMIMADENGYINSIXINXIJIUBAOLUZAIFENGXIANZHONG。

                        危害更为严重的是,路由器被入侵后,黑客可以影响用户的网络访问过程,甚至可能人为制作一个钓鱼网站对战牛牛,用户链接进去后,填写的个人信息就可能被窃取,造成财产损失。

                      对战牛牛   ZHANGYUANJULISHUO,HEIKEDUIYONGHUJINXINGYUMINGXITONGJIECHIHOU,YONGHUXIANGDENGLUMOUGEZHULIUMENHUWANGZHAN,HEIKEHUITONGGUOLANJIEQINGQIU,JIANGYONGHUDAORULINGYIGEWANGZHI,ZHEIGEWANGZHIYOUKENENGSHIHEIKEJINGXINZHUNBEIDEXIANJING。

                        WANGMINGHUABIAOSHI,LIYONGLUYOUQIJINXINGWANGLUODIAOYUSHIHEIKEMOULIDEZHUYAOSHOUDUAN,ERYIXIEWANGZHAN,YINJISHUSHUIPINGYOUXIANHUOWEILEJIEYUECHENGBEN,BINGMEIYOUHENHAODEJIAMIJISHU,TONGGUOBEIKONGZHIDELUYOUQIFANGWENZHEIXIEWANGZHANJIUKENENGCUNZAIXINXIXIELUDEFENGXIAN。

                        仍有部分厂商尚未提供安全解决方案或升级补丁

                        ANQUANZHUANJIABIAOSHI,ZAIXIANYOUJISHUTIAOJIANXIA,RENHELUYOUQIDOUNANYIZUODAOWANQUANMEIYOULOUDONG,ZHIYAOBUSHIRENWEIXUYILIUYOUDEHOUMEN,DABUFENLOUDONGDOUKEYITONGGUOSHENGJILAIXIUFU。BUGUO,GUOJIAHULIANWANGYINGJIZHONGXINBIAOSHI,ZAITONGBAOLEDUOJIALUYOUQICHANGSHANGDEANQUANYINHUANHOU,DABUFENCHANGSHANGTIGONGLESHENGJICHENGXU,DANJIEZHIJINNIAN1YUEDI,RENGYOUBUFENCHANGSHANGSHANGWEITIGONGANQUANJIEJUEFANGANHUOSHENGJIBUDING。

                        由于网络硬件对战牛牛设备升级通常较一般的应用软件难度更大,对普通用户来说,难以独自完成升级修复,这也是路由器安全隐患常常不被人注意的原因之一。

                        CONGSHIWANGLUOANQUANWEIHUGONGZUODUONIANDEGONGCHENGSHILIBOGAOSUJIZHE,YONGHUANQUANYISHIKUIFASHIANQUANFENGXIANZENGDADEZHONGYAOYUANYINZHIYI。YOUDEYONGHUMIMASHEZHIJIANDAN,WANGWANGJIUSHI12345678HUOZHEZIJIDESHENGRI,ZHEIDUIYUHEIKEMEIYOUTAIDANANDU。

                        RUIXINANQUANZHUANJIATANGWEIBIAOSHI,YONGHUQIESHIKEXINGDEFANGFANFANGSHISHI,JINLIANGGOUMAIZHENGGUICHANGSHANGDELUYOUQI,TONGSHIGENGGAIQICHUCHANGZHANGHAO、FUWUQIDIZHI、MIMA。RUGUOSHEZHILEANQUANFANGSHIHEXISHUJIAOGAODEMIMA,TONGGUOPOJIERUANJIANDENGJIANDANSHOUDUANRUQINDEKENENGXINGFEICHANGXIAO。

                      对战牛牛   LUYOUQISHENGCHANCHANGSHANGTENGDAGONGSIJINRIYEFABUGONGGAOBIAOSHI:QIANGLIEJIANYIYONGHUBUSHIYONGCHANGSHANGCHUCHANGMORENDEGUANLIYUANYONGHUMINGHEMIMA,YIDINGYAODUIYUANSHIYONGHUMINGHEMIMAJINXINGXIUGAI。TONGSHI,LUYOUQIWANCHENGSHEZHIHOU,ZHIJIEGUANBILIULANQI,HULVELIULANQI“JIZHUYONGHUMINGHEMIMA”DEDANCHUANGTIXING。

                      对战牛牛   WANGMINGHUAHAITIXING,YONGHUYAOXUEHUIJINGCHANGJIANCHALIANJIELUYOUQIDEZHUJI,RUFAXIANCENGWANGXINGWEI,YINGJISHIGENGHUANMIMA。TONGSHI,GUANBIHULIANWANGZHIJIEFANGWENLUYOUQIDEQUANXIAN,“MEIYOUZHEIGEQUANXIAN,JISHICUNZAIHOUMENYINHUAN,LUYOUQIMEIYOUXIANGYING,YEBUKENENGCHUXIANRUQIN。”

                        YONGHUQUEFAANQUANYISHIDELINGYIGEBIAOXIANSHIZAIGONGGONGCHANGSUOSUIYI“CENGWANG”。YUELAIYUEDUODECANGUAN、KAFEITINGDENGSHANGJIAWEIXIAOFEIZHETIGONGMIANFEIDEWUXIANWANGLUO,HENDUOYONGHUBUJIAZHENBIEDISHIYONG,SHUBUZHIZIJIDESHOUJICISHIXINGTONG“LUOBEN”:RUGUOGAIXINHAOSHIBUFAFENZIGUYISHEXIADEXIANJING,NEIYONGHUDESHANGWANGXINGWEIDOUJIANGBEIJIANKONG。LIBOWEICITIXING,“JINGTIMOSHENGDEWUXIANWANGLUO,SHIYONGGONGGONGWUXIANWANGLUOSHIYIDINGYAOJINSHEN,BUYAODENGLUWANGYINZHANGHUHUOJINXINGZAIXIANZHIFU。”

                      关键字: 路由器 漏洞 无线网络

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